Whitewood v. Wolf: On July 9, 2013, following the U.S. Supreme Court decision in United States v. Windsor, the ACLU filed suit in U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania on behalf of 23 plaintiffs—10 couples, 2 of their children, and a widow—seeking to overturn Pennsylvania's 1996 statutory ban on same-sex marriage. The case, originally Whitewood v. Corbett, was assigned to Judge John E. Jones III. On July 11, Attorney General Kathleen Kane, a named defendant, said that she would not defend the statute as she "endorse[d] equality and anti-discrimination laws" and that the statute was "wholly unconstitutional". On July 30, Governor Tom Corbett announced he would defend the statute.
|Nebraska author Willa Cather, who|
moved to Pittsburgh 118 years too early.
On April 21, 2014, plaintiff same-sex couples filed a motion for summary judgment in Whitewood v. Wolf. This allows the court to rule solely on the briefs, without a trial, where the facts are undisputed in a case. The state defendants have agreed to dispense with trial as well.
On May 20, 2014, Judge Jones ruled in Whitewood v. Wolf that Pennsylvania's same-sex marriage ban is unconstitutional, opining that it violates both the Due Process and Equal Protection clauses of the United States Constitution. The ruling went into effect immediately and was not stayed, allowing same-sex couples to request and receive marriage licenses throughout the state, who can marry after a mandatory 3 day waiting period.
Pennsylvania's Republican Governor Tom Corbett announced on May 21, 2014 that he and his legal team would not seek to appeal Judge Jones' decision, rendering same-sex marriage permanently legal and making Pennsylvania the 19th state to legalize same-sex marriage.