The Keystone XL pipeline, according to the Omaha World-Herald, will not have state-of-the-art leak detection systems to safeguard the largest underground fresh water aquifer in North America, which in large part makes Nebraska's $20,000,000,000 ag industry possible.
Look at the center-pivot irrigation circles in the photo and consider where the water for that comes from.
So far, that water has stayed pure enough that people and cattle can drink it straight from the well.
But after TransCanada gets through with it, who knows?
|Open-pit tar sands moonscape in Alberta|
Tar sands oil is the worst type of oil for the climate, producing three times the greenhouse gas emissions of conventionally produced oil because of the energy required to extract and process tar sands oil. Tar sands consist of heavy crude oil mixed with sand, clay and bitumen. Extraction entails burning natural gas to generate enough heat and steam to melt the oil out of the sand. As many as five barrels of water are needed to produce a single barrel of oil.